Search by keyword: assessment

Introducing Uncertainty into the Estimation of Effectiveness of Large Regional Transport Projects: Structural-Institutional Approach

The paper presents that standard methods for estimating effectiveness of capital investment projects are deterministic. Uncertainty and risks are introduced and declared but not described with proper terminology. As far as large capital investment projects are concerned, of which implementation influences the structure and price standards not only on departmental or regional markets but also on national ones, underestimation of “external effects”, for instance, could lead to costly errors. To resolve this issue, we propose to utilize a strategy games model where contrasting scenarios are generated using models from a family of an optimization interregional–interindustrial model. The article also shows the results of experimental calculations and an example of how to use the described model

Kibalov Ie. B.

Kin A. A.

Keywords: large capital investment projects regional transport systems Siberia energy-output ratio assessment area of Baikal-Amur Main Line (BAM) uncertainty risks

Weighing Coefficients and Innovation Potential Ratings in Regions

The paper proposes a system of the indicators and a technique to define regional ratings on the base of such system. An aggregated index of innovation activity for units of the Russian Federation are calculated with consideration for differences in their socio-economic development as well as weighing coefficient (and without them) obtained on the base of a pairwise comparisons matrix. Our analysis shows that consideration for weights does determine the rating of the unit of the Federation among others. However, we can state that the regions having top positions in one rating scale remain of top positions in others.

Frenkel A. A.

Volkova N. N.

Romanyuk E. I.

Keywords: development innovation innovation assessment models methods regions

Identification of Russian Regions from the Point of View of Spatial Heterogeneity

The paper offers the methodical tools for building a set of complex indicators of regional efficiency which reflect the resource, processing, and resulting components of major subsystems of a regional socio-economic system. We present our multidimensional assessment of the spatial heterogeneity observed for the Russian regions in 2000–2010 in the terms of the parameters of regional efficiency, and also a comparative analysis of spatial differentiation. Having analyzed the data concerning the resource-oriented regions in the Russian Arctic, we can state that high values of an economic component in their regional efficiency do not adequately reflect the actual socio-economic results.

Kirillova S. A.

Kantor O. G.

Keywords: region municipal entities industrial policy assessment region spatial differentiation development

The State and Problems of Transportation Infrastructure in the Siberian Strategy

Having analyzed the course, problems, and prospects of the development in the Siberian transportation sector which we consider as one of the most important factor of the successful implementation of the Siberian Socio-Economic Development Strategy up to 2020, we can conclude that the infrastructure failed to meet the current requirements and prospects of future development of the region and country. Our proposals are to speed up the implementation of the infrastructural projects and change the approaches to their management and financing. We also present our assessment of the volumes of investments required for modernization of the Siberian Federal District infrastructure.

Psarev V. I.

Psareva T. V.

Goncharova I. A.

Keywords: Siberian Federal District Siberia Siberian Federal District assessment Trans-Siberian Railway transport-logistic centers strategy

Building Mechanisms of Support for Petrochemical Clusters in Eastern Siberia and Yakutia

The paper proposes an approach how to develop the mechanisms of governmental support for investment projects being implemented by oil-and-gas chemistry clusters in Eastern Siberia and the Sakha Republic. The approach is based on the application of a network and simulation model for assessing efficiency of the East Siberian oil-and-gas megaproject. Having analyzed to what degree the investment resource and timing schedules for producing and processing sectors are coordinated within different megaprojects, we offer our variants of governmental support for the clusters within the framework of the State Development Plan for Gas-and-Oil Chemistry in the East of Russia 2030

Pliaskina N. I.

Kharitonova V. N.

Vizhina I. A.

Keywords: management megaproject oil-and-gas chemical cluster assessment tax preferences tax privileges coordination mechanisms efficiency

Assessing effectiveness of regional executive authorities: the analysis of the Russian legislation performance evaluation of authorities

The paper describes the problems and contradictions of the current techniques for assessing effectiveness of regional bodies of executive authority. We show that such techniques allow introducing new instruments for regional support, on the one hand, and do not allow the monitoring of regional changes, on the other hand. We present our proposals on how to improve the techniques.

Atamas Ye. V.

Keywords: region region executive authorities management assessment administrative reform

A fuzzy-set analysis of regional transportation projects

The paper offers an approach to support decision-making on selecting an investment project among alternative large-scaled transportation projects. This approach is based on principles of fuzzy set theory. Using this approach, we analyze the competitive projects on construction a bridge connecting the Russky Island. For this purpose we calculate and analyze the costs of alternative projects and their planned timing schedules. We present a cost- risk assessment of a set of timing schedules admissible within network constraints to compute a fussy set of Paretto-optimal plans. We also present our recommendations on how any timing schedule could be corrected.

Bespalov I. A. phoenix_w@mail.га

Keywords: dynamics investments assessment investment project reserves efficiency regional transportation project efficiency

Outsourcing in the agriculture: perspectives of its application

The paper analyzes how the agricultural sector applies outsourcing in its practice. What differs the outsourcing from other forms of cooperation of enterprises is identified. We show that an agro-enterprise could function as an outsourcee. Some ways of how outsourcing can be used in the agricultural production to make its profitability higher are proposed here.

Kotlyarov I. D.

Keywords: outsourcing outsourcee agriculture assessment

Developing mineral and raw material resources in the North: energy supply variants

The paper analyses the state and problems of the power and fuel suppliers operating in the Northern part of the Russian eastern regions. We describe a methodical approach to selecting an efficient variant of power and fuel supply for new enterprises developing mineral fields. We present the examples of how the new consumers could be effectively powered up to a centralized power supply system as well as some examples of projects for construction of independent power-supplier.

Ivanova I. Iu.

Tuguzova T. F.

Izhbuldin A. K.

Simonenko A. N.

Keywords: North innovation North innovations assessment power supply efficient variant

Investing serial sea shipbuilding

In the author's opinion, it is reasonable to make the analysis and forecasting of the development of a sea shipbuilding sector together with those concerning further operation of such ships. We show what are the specifics of assessing how efficient the investments into construction of civic seagoing ships (or purchases on a secondary market) from the investor's point of view. We also argue for a reasonable ratio between own and borrowed funds invested into construction of new ships.

Ogay S. A.

Keywords: shipbuilding sector maritime industry dynamics assessment investments

Efficiency of the governmental anti-recessionary measures in Germany

The paper analyses the German financial crisis and priorities of the crisis responses undertaken by German government; assesses how effective the anti-recessionary measures undertaken by both central and lands' governments are, and shows the economy management improvements made in Germany in the post-crisis time.

Baranova K.

Ferber G.

Keywords: Germany crisis economy housing market crisis economy assessment management

Diversifying the transit pipeline routes in Kazakhstan

Further involvement of Kazakhstan in world oil-and-gas markets is based on a steady growth of production and significant potential of these resources in the Republic. However, their export is limited by capacities of existing major pipelines. The paper proposes the variants of pipeline routes providing better export conditions; and assesses the economic effectiveness and consequences of these variants.

Yegorov O. I.

Chigarkina O. A.

Keywords: oil-and-gas pipelines hydrocarbon resources assessment effectiveness

Structural reform of the rail transportation as an institutional project: analysis of strategic aspects

The paper analyses a large-scale institutional project of the Russian Federation - a structural reform in the railway sector. We describe the specifics of the methodology applied to the assessment of efficiency of the project characterized by high risks and dependant on multi-aspects externalities. We also show negative and positive results of the reform, what failures are observed and why they happened; and make recommendations on how, at least, to mitigate the consequences of such failures, if we will fail to eliminate them completely.

Kibalov Ie. B.

Kin A. A.

Keywords: institutional project rail transportation reform structure assessment Siberia

West-Siberian oil-and-gas complex: problems and decisions

The study analyses the issues of the development of the West-Siberian oil-and-gas complex. Before the 1990-s, when the complex was creating as a new national base of oil-and-gas production, the country faced the difficulties due to the lack of investments, equipment, materials, and vehicles, as well as a housing deficit, whereas later the reducing efficiency of the complex's operating was observed. The causes of this economic phenomenon are analyzed here. We also outline a long-run policy of the oil-and-gas production in the region

Bykovsky V. A.

Keywords: North North West Siberia development production oil-and-gas industry assessment gas

Application of the fuzzy sets theory to assessment of the large-scale investment projects

The paper considers the issues of how to assess the efficiency of the large-scale investment projects. We offer an approach to choosing a preferred project among competitive ones when making a decision on the selection of an investment project. The approach is grounded upon both the principals of system analysis applied in the fuzzy sets theory and expert technologies. Our special focus is on how to assess the investment costs and their fluctuations depending on investment risks while the preproject analysis is being carried out. To make our calculation, we use a simulated case-study on «Transportation Network Project for Russian Far North and Far East»

Shipilina A. I.

Bespalov I. A. phoenix_w@mail.га

Keywords: uncertainty assessment Siberia Siberia reserves investment project efficiency uncertainty

Efficiency of health care expenditures: assessing the experience of Vologda Oblast

The study analyzes present approaches applied to assess how effective the expenditures for public health care are. We show that the techniques based on nothing but assessment of the resource components have some defects as they fail to allow for social effects. To overcome this shortage, we recommend the technique which is of 5-years practice in the Vologda Oblast, and which compounds the financial and demographic analysis. We present the results of our economic analysis made by applying such technique

Duganov M. D.

Shabunova А. A.

Kalashnikov K. N.

Keywords: Vologda Oblast health care public expenditures assessment methods efficiency

Priorities and prospects for power industry development

The paper shows the structural transformations which could take place in power production in East Siberia and the Far East over the period until 2030; an extent of generating capacities; and demand for fuel and investments required for further development of power plants and networks. Our calculations were made within the framework of two development scenarios for this macro-region.

Lagerev A. V.

Khanaeva V. N.

Smirnov K. S.

Keywords: Eastern Siberia Far East anti-crisis programs electrical energy industry East Siberia assessment the Far East

Renewable natural energy resources: potential and prospects for utilization

We analyze potentials of renewable resources available in the eastern regions of Russia, and we assess how effective to decentralized consumers such resources could be. Zones of reasonable location of renewable resources and possible volumes of their use in the east of Russia are shown.

Ivanova I. Iu.

Tuguzova T. F.

Khalgaeva N. A.

Keywords: potential renewable resources small hydro stations wind-driven power plant solar heat systems photoelectric transducers geo-thermal power stations assessment efficiency

West Siberia and Far East Natural Gas Production Strategy: key provisions

The paper presents a forecast of the natural gas production and processing in the Eastern Siberia and Far East; calculates the development parameters in the oil processing and petrochemical sectors according to the plans and forecasts for oil industry; identifies the gas deliveries routes; assesses the fiscal and commercial effectiveness of investments; and formulates and validates the conditions due to which Russia would entry into new outer markets.

Kontorovich A. E.

Keywords: oil natural gas new producing oil-and-gas centers Eastern Siberia Far East Siberia strategy structure scenarios assessment

Integrated assessment of large regional projects

The intersectoral instruments proposed to assess disbenefits of a project being implemented in a region allow analyzing not only the effect of the project on a local economy, as a limited number of contiguous and visible links are taken into consideration, but also its effect on a national economy. To illustrate this, we applied here the natural gas development project for Yamal peninsula. In our opinion, the intensive implementation of this project is required even if the world‘s demand for gas drops.

Malov V. Yu.

Melentiev B. V.

Aleshina O. V.

Keywords: intersectoral interregional models complexity structure assessment assessment natural gas goals efficiency project

Tools for managing regional enterprise efficiency

The author presents his theoretical considerations concerning the building of tools to manage efficiency of a regional enterprise which combine the potential of intersectoral and international sources of improvements and the different types of benchmarking.

Goncharuk A. G.

Keywords: region region assessment enterprises efficiency benchmarking management mechanism

Two-level enterprise management system in the context of network-economy

The paper shows that a multi-level management system applicable in market environment proved to be inconsistent with network-economy. A two-level management system is considered more applicable in the context of network-economy as it allows reducing the time required for forecasting, planning, accounting, analysis, and control over production. The author proves that management systems in contexts of market economy, network-economy and «command-hierarchy» economy differ from each other in to what degree they are oriented on client's demand for a certain product.

Yakubovsky Yu. V.

Matokhin M. A.

Keywords: enterprise models of market economy network-economy and «command-hierarchy» economy management assessment

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