Search by keyword: development

Labour Productivity Dynamics: Regional Aspects

The paper considers the techniques for measuring and assessing regional labour productivity and its dynamics and differences. It compares the results obtained by applying the different techniques, and can state that the trends identified according to different methods, display a little difference. Only the indicator of a real labour productivity compared to wage shows a higher difference and results in higher ratings of the regions where wages are relatively low. A high share of extractive industries in regions is a key factor of a high labour productivity. The labour productivity and its dynamics show a strong sectoral difference. The growth of a total labour productivity in regions can be explained by the increased efficiencies but not by relocation of production and labour forces to the regions with higher indicators of efficiency

Miheeva N. N.

Keywords: labour productivity development inter-regional inequality regulation regions economic growth wage interregional differentiation

Economic Development Threats in Subjects of the Russian Federation

The paper considers what and why could internally threaten to the economic development of Russia and its regions. It shows possible impacts of the current models of their development such as the depopulation in the RF subjects, export-import orientation of the national economy, and possible misbalance of civil and defense sectors

Kazantsev S. V.

Keywords: economic safety economic security development depopulation threats regions

Resource Corporate Factor in Regions: Assessment and Effect Distribution

Operations of major corporations and how they communicate with the federal and regional authorities are becoming more and more significant factor for social and economic development. Russian major resource corporations are growing into being powerful in production and redistribution of added values within the current system of intergovernmental fiscal relations and accepted practice to use ‘internal corporate tools’. Significance of the ‘corporate factor’ in various regions can be indirectly estimated with the concentration of production. Potential effects related to the said factor can be described in a model which differentiates ‘extraterritorial’ effects from the ‘local’ ones

Nefedkin V. I.

Keywords: large firms development major corporations regions local content

Weighing Coefficients and Innovation Potential Ratings in Regions

The paper proposes a system of the indicators and a technique to define regional ratings on the base of such system. An aggregated index of innovation activity for units of the Russian Federation are calculated with consideration for differences in their socio-economic development as well as weighing coefficient (and without them) obtained on the base of a pairwise comparisons matrix. Our analysis shows that consideration for weights does determine the rating of the unit of the Federation among others. However, we can state that the regions having top positions in one rating scale remain of top positions in others.

Frenkel A. A.

Volkova N. N.

Romanyuk E. I.

Keywords: development innovation innovation assessment models methods regions

Large Corporations in Regions: Pro et Contra

The paper analyses how large corporations impact on the economic processes taken place in certain regions; what pros and cons could be if large corporations or their subsidiaries and branches operate in regions; what effects are when a centralized model of corporate governance are widely spread; and how such model impacts on the level of localization of effects obtained by operating large federal corporations. We describe the examples of several regions of the Siberian Federal District where large corporations operate. We also consider several examples of foreign practices, and present our conclusions about the role which large corporations play being a factor of the regional economic development.

Nefedkin V. I.

Keywords: corporation development regions Siberian Federal District localization of effects Siberian Federal District finance

How Public Finances Regulation Influences the Regional Economies and Budgets

The paper presents a case study on budget analysis for regions included in the Siberian Federal District, and how public finances regulation influences their regional economies and budgets. We can state that intergovernmental regulation negatively impacts on the situation in several regions, and effectiveness of the current policies in relation to regional public finances is open to serious question. To solve many such problems, we would like to propose some other approaches to building intergovernmental fiscal regulation. For example, according to our calculations made on actual data, a value-added tax replaced by a sales tax would be more effective since such approach, instead of the ongoing practice to correct mechanisms of intergovernmental fiscal regulation, would allow higher regional revenues and more incentives to have revenues high.

Shirobokova V. A.

Keywords: development Siberian Federal District region intergovernmental relations regions criterion of maximization of the minimal development region Siberian Federal District regulation intergovernmental fiscal relations

Current Trends in the Shaping of Self-Developing Regions

The paper describes what place “a self-developed socio-economic system” occupies among the nearest equivalent economic terms. We propose our criteria to identify a self-developed region such as an advanced GRP growth and fiscal self-provision. Our calculations for all subjects of the Russian Federation made on the base of the approach proposed allow, identifying four types of economic development according to such criteria. We also describe the differences between the federal districts and present a classification of the self-developed regions according by types of economic development.

Zakharchuk E. A.

Pasynkov A. F.

Nekrasov A. A.

Keywords: self-development development incomes regions

Evolution of the Spatial Structure of the Russian Economy in 2007-2012

On the preliminary statistical data provided by the Goskomstat of the Russian Federation (Statistics Russia), the paper assesses how Russian regions recovered from and developed after the world financial crises (2007-2012) and considers the changes of the spatial structure which can be observed according to the economic indicators showed the largest drops such as the fixed investments and industrial output.

Suspitsyn S. A.

Keywords: Kyrgyz Republic development Russia regions

Building organizational and economic mechanisms of the accelerated socio-economic development in Siberia

The paper considers the issues of building organizational and economic mechanisms required to strengthen a position of Siberia in the Russian economic space. Our proposals concern such issues as how to modernize the regional policy and regional strategic planning, to ensure the implementation of the Siberian Socio-Economic Development Strategy and innovations in regions, and to build economic mechanisms required for developing production in this macroregion. A special focus is the radical modernization of a Siberian resource complex.

Kriukov V. A.

Kuleshov V. V.

Seliverstov V. Ye.

Keywords: Siberia development mechanisms regional policy diagnostics region

Assessing the efficiency of replacement of gas by coal in energy balance

The paper analyses, by applying a system of optimization models for cash flow analysis and forecasting, how effective a transfer of a part of the power generating capacities from gas to coal would be. We present a scenario analysis assuming both an increase of a gas export under a deficit of the time required to cover the demand exceeding those under the contracts already concluded, and the same volume of electric and thermal power produced. We assess the efficiency of such process from the point of view of the RF consolidated budget and gas and power producers.

Marshak V. D.

Kriukov V. A.

Kuznetsov A. V.

Keywords: methodology energy budget development optimization models regions

Tools to forecast spatial development: practices and open questions

The author offers a set of tools of how the applied multi-sectoral forecasts for regional development, which provide better opportunities to analyze the forecasts of the regional structure of natural and financial indicators, could be substituted for continuous time models. As our calculations show, this allows the application of such tools to most tasks of regional strategic development planning.

Melentiev B. V.

Keywords: forecasts industrial policy economy development economy

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