Search by keyword: interregional differentiation

Economic competition between Russian regions

Since the beginning of market reforms in Russia, the spatial structure of its economy has been transforming much faster than it did in Soviet times. The article discusses the peculiarities of the period between 1999 and 2013 regar­ding formal (statistically registered on a current value basis) and real changes in the spatial structure of the economy calculated with quantum indices, diffe­rences in the spatial structure of employment, and the dynamics of power consumption. The author concludes that the real changes in the spatial struc­ture of the economy are far less dramatic than the ones shown by statistics because the region where the results of economic activity are registered does not always coincide with the region where the actual product manufacturing and transportation take place. The article reveals another aspect of the prob­lem: a very high interregional differentiation of GRP per capita. It is mainly caused by substantial discrepancies in value added per employee among indust­ries. They cannot be eliminated; moreover, under the current unchangeable regional specialization, the existing interregional differences in per capita production rates will maintain in the long term

Iershov Iu. S.

Keywords: actual allocation of productive forces quantum indices specified growth indicators interregional differentiation spatial structure of economy region

Regions of Russia: Adaptation to Measures of State Regulation

Basing on statistics published by the Russian Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), the article examines the regional performance of the Presidential Decrees of May 7, 2012 that stipulate measures to increase wages in the public sector, as well as to create and modernize 25 million high-performance workplaces. It is shown that the documents adopted by the government in pursuance of the Decrees underestimated the level of regional differentiation in Russia, local budgets and the specifics of manufacturing, which has led to negative consequences in some subjects of the Federation. The article justifies the need to adjust the share of liabilities attributable to regional budgets due to a slowdown in economic growth and to account for the imbalance that appears with a sharp increase in the deficit and public debt. It is demonstrated that spatial determinants highly differentiate the quantity of high-performance workplaces in regions and their share in the total number of jobs. In order to meet the set targets, it is necessary to take measures to create and modernize high-performance workplaces with regard to the specifics of manufacturing in regions

Basareva V. G.

Keywords: высокопроизводительные рабочие места консолидированные бюджеты рост оплаты труда в бюджетной сфере interregional differentiation

Labour Productivity Dynamics: Regional Aspects

The paper considers the techniques for measuring and assessing regional labour productivity and its dynamics and differences. It compares the results obtained by applying the different techniques, and can state that the trends identified according to different methods, display a little difference. Only the indicator of a real labour productivity compared to wage shows a higher difference and results in higher ratings of the regions where wages are relatively low. A high share of extractive industries in regions is a key factor of a high labour productivity. The labour productivity and its dynamics show a strong sectoral difference. The growth of a total labour productivity in regions can be explained by the increased efficiencies but not by relocation of production and labour forces to the regions with higher indicators of efficiency

Miheeva N. N.

Keywords: labour productivity development inter-regional inequality regulation regions economic growth wage interregional differentiation

Regional Spatially-Neutral and Local Target Focused Policies: Issues of Choice

The paper analyzes modern principles of regional policy and whether they are applicable to the Russian economy. We consider, on the one hand, the principles of the World Bank policy based on a spatially neutral approach to choosing measures of regional policy, and, on the other hand, the EU policy which is focused on local targets and insists on a necessity of differentiated regional incentives. The arguments of both approaches are based on the different concepts, i.e. the theory of the new economic geography and theory of endogenous growth

Melnikova L. V.

Keywords: regional policy interregional differentiation regional policy regional differentiation

Novosibirsk Oblast as a Phenomenon of the Russian Modern Economy

The Novosibirsk Oblast showed high of its economic growth - its indicators were significantly higher than both Russian and the SFD average ones over 1999-2008. The same can be observed over the next period 2010-2011. The GRP and industrial production in physical terms were more than twice higher despite negative changes taken place in the economic trends and institutional environment of the Oblast. According to a constantly increasing number of economic indicators, the Oblast has outpaced its SFD neighbors over the last years. The author explains these facts applying a wide spectrum of statistical indicators.

Iershov Iu. S.

Keywords: Novosibirsk Ob-last Siberian Federal District regional economy interregional differentiation Novosibirsk Oblast Siberian Federal District inter-regional inequality regional economy

Modernizing the real sector of the economy: spatial aspect

The paper considers the principle tasks, priorities, trends, and sources of modernizing the Russian socio-economic system and its real sector. We show the peculiarities of modernization of the spatial structure of the economy; dynamics and efficiency of some economic activities; and the fact that peculiarities of regional economic systems such as the state and structure of fixed assets, sectoral production structure, and receptivity to innovations are the important factors of the modernization. We also describe the different approaches to regional policy aimed at modernization, and display a necessity to have a balanced regional policy.

Aganbegyan A. G.

Miheeva N. N.

Soboleva S. V.

Fetisov G. G.

Keywords: modernization modernization priorities of the sectoral development financial resources spatial growth state of fixed assets dynamics dynamics and efficiency of different industries regional policy investments interregional differentiation

Sustainable spatial transformations in Russia: measurement concept and methodology

The paper offers the concept, methodology and methodical scheme to measure the spatial transformations taking place in economy; the comparative assessments of regional development in Russia over the period 2009-2012; a stable clusterization technique for regional indicators; the long-term forecasts (for 2009-2030) of how the RF regional structure will change; and the assessment of dynamics of the ordered sets of regional clusters.

Suspitsyn S. A.

Keywords: regional forecasting spatial transformations interregional differentiation system modeling

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