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Innovation Market in Siberia: Limits and Capacities

The paper analyzes the contradictory features of the Siberian development which do not fully reflect what Siberia contributes to the growth of the country’s economy. We consider several investment preconditions which would allow new industrialization in Siberia and the Far East, and what our science and innovations could contribute to the SFD regional development. We describe how regional branches of the RAS could be involved in scientific supervising a number of technological platforms and clusters to enhance the development of the new and traditional sectors in the eastern regions of the country and how the existed and potential forms of regional branches of the RAS could cooperate with other participants of innovation activities for this purpose

Untura G. A.

Keywords: Siberia authorities education Siberia dynamics innovation science Northern Sea Route education

The Low Birth Rate Trap in Moscow: Highly-Educated Childfrees?

The article analyzes actual and normative reproductive behavior of the Muscovites. It demonstrates that high birth rate in Moscow is largely determined by women of reproductive age who are migrating from province. Having used data of sociologic study entitled Moscow and the Muscovites (“Moskva i moskvichi”), we define the character of relation between education and birth rate, as well as how the figures differ in Moscow and in Russia in whole. The paper discusses a childfree phenomenon which is spreading widely in Moscow. It is the growing women’s education level that influences the most on declining birth rate, while family income practically does not affect the number of children. The more the proportion of childless families is, the less judgmental the society becomes. Constant delay in giving birth is the result of shift in priorities towards education and career fraught with childlessness. Moscow with its demographic development and a focus on new social behavior patterns, largely following those of western cities, can be considered as an innovative region that eventually translates its practices to other major Russian cities. An expanding childfree phenomenon in Russian megalopolises which lack such a strong migration inflow may lead to aggravation of low birth rate problems. We give recommendations on further socio-demographic development of the region

Maleva T. M.

Tyndik A. O.

Keywords: Moscow depopulation fertility Moscow education demographic situation

Strategic support for regions: problems in assessing a status of an innovation territory

The paper analyzes the qualitative and quantitative methods for assessing the regional innovation activity, and criteria and procedures for selecting RF regions to be governmentally supported. We present the results of our testing made according to different rating techniques, and present our proposals how to improve the methodical approaches to and statistical data on evaluation of innovation statuses of regions.

Untura G. A.

Keywords: region innovation Paretto’s optimum region region innovation cluster authorities education financial resources

Issues of the education reform: teachers' assessments

The paper analyzes how the Russian reform in education influences the development of teaching stuffs at educational institutions. We show the major outcomes and problems of this reform. The analysis of the opinions about modernization of education and its perspectives obtained by our polling the teachers of general education schools in the Bologda Oblast is presented. We also determine how tightly the teachers' attitudes to the reform and factors of Russians' social feeling correlate.

Golovchin M. A.

Solovyeva T. S.

Keywords: region education modernization region education modernization social feeling

The economic development capacity of urban aboriginal peoples in Canada

The paper analyzes the human capital and employment of the urban population in Canada. The paper shows the disparities characterizing the employment structures of aboriginal and non-aboriginal populations; it also analyzes the age-and-gender differences, and the gaps existing between different aboriginal communities. The authors' recommendations made to the agencies involved in the governmental programs on how to improve the employment of the aboriginal population are presented

Spence N.

White J.

Keywords: Canada Canada economy education labour market employment

Understanding aboriginal educational outcomes: the role of social capital

This paper examines the impacts of social capital on Aboriginal educational attainment in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. We developed a synthesis looking for patterns and distilling the role of social capital. In writing our results we chose programs and policies of countries targeted that illustrated our synthesis.

White J.

Keywords: functions models New Zealand Australia Canada Aboriginal peoples education social capital

Capacities and prospects of the innovation development in Siberia

The paper shows a present state of the Siberian scientific, technological and innovation potential which includes a number of scientific achievements of world's significance, a developed system of higher education and scientific personnel training, and an advanced industrial complex including the knowledge-intensive sectors. We identify the key challenges of future development and key problems required to be resolved to build a holistic innovation system in Siberia which could adequately solve such challenges; and propose a scenario of how the existed potential could be targeted on innovation development that allow better competitive advantages of SFD and more favorable conditions of life.

Kravchenko N. A.

Untura G. A.

Keywords: challenges Siberia dynamics innovation education strategy region investments infrastructure innovation Siberia

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