Search by keyword: decentralization

Modernization Aspects of Regional Policy in Central and Eastern Europe in the Context of EU Changes

The paper analyzes the experience of structural and cohesion policies pursued by the countries of the Eastern and Central Europe during their membership in the European Union. We can state that the countries – new members of the EU – displayed the increased economic, social, and infrastructural disparities. The paper considers the factors of the lowered effectiveness of regional policies such as the point of institutional equilibrium in regional policy, inevitable transboundery cooperation, and management of development plans as they are important for the purpose of coming planning for 2014–2020. The conclusion is to change factors of regional development means to change regional policies, their goals, tools, and institutions with safeguarding national interests

Horvat D.

Keywords: European Union European Union countries of the Eastern and Central Europe competitiveness regional policy decentralization competitiveness

Modern Russian federalism: political and fiscal problems

Having analyzed the governmental program documents on the Russian federate and intergovernmental relations, we can state that a current system of federate institutions proved to be ineffective. However, the awareness of a necessity to decentralize powers and financial resources does exist in the country but still no serious reforms concerning federate relations and regional policy have been seen on the current agenda. Moreover, quite a few of the governmental decisions - often contradictory ones - stand in for such reforms. As for intergovernmental relations, two processes of redistribution of powers - delegation of responsibilities and delegation financial resources to the regional and local levels -can be observed at present, the first one is often faster than the second at that.

Klistorin V. I.

Keywords: centralization decentralization centralization decentralization principles of federalism intergovernmental relations federate institutions

Russian federalism: regional policy of supporting municipal units

Proceeding from a view that a municipal level of governance seems to be a matter-of-course basis both for federate relations and an effective decentralized decision-making system in modern economy, we consider the development issues of municipal units and population settlement patterns. We also discuss what informational base is required to make good strategic decisions on of population settlement patterns, and try to identify what threats the recessionary events, which are progressing in Russian economy, may pose to municipal units and what capacities municipal units have to resist.

Klistorin V. I.

Keywords: federalism centralization decentralization regional policy regional policy spatial development depressed area

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