Search by keyword: risks

Demographic Situation in Siberia against the Background of All-Russian Trends

The article examines the demographic situation in Siberia and Russia which has improved since 2006, after a long period of depopulation: birth rate is growing, life expectancy is rising, and natural increase has become positive. These are the first successful steps towards overcoming the demographic crisis. Still, birth rate, although positively increasing, is far from that of the late 1980s. According to the data for 2011, it makes only 75% of population replacement. We define the main obstacles preventing future childbirth figures from growing and underline that in order to further overcome the demographic crisis, a family with 3–4 children should become a goal for demographic policy in Russia. Such a family should acquire the largest economic and moral support from the government and the society

Soboleva S. V.

Keywords: Kyrgyz Republic Siberian Federal District demographic policy depopulation demographic potential mortality risks Russia

Risks of the Siberian demographic potential

The risks, which we consider principal for shaping the Siberian demographic potential, include depopulation, high mortality, especially among men who are 40 years old or younger, and the changed age-and-sex structure, we consider as principle ones since they predetermine the unfavorable conditions for Russian further economic development such as the reducing shares of children, teenagers and able-bodied population and a growing share of pensioners in the total regional population that assumes a higher demographic burden on the economically active population; public health deterioration; a significantly reduced non-equivalent migration turnover and replacement of the Russians by different ethnic migrants from Central and South-East Asia - all of them making the quality of the working population worse.

Soboleva S. V.

Smirnova N. Ie.

Chudayeva O. V.

Keywords: demographic potential energy-output ratio depopulation risks mortality demographic situation country

Full-text issues of the Journal in PDF format are available since 2006 (except for the ones published within the last year)