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Nuclear Pollution Impact on the East-Ural Area: Socio-Ecologic Assessment

On the base of the sociologic surveys carried out by the Institute of Economics (Ural Branch of SBRAS) in the cities and communities of Chelyabinsk, Sverdlovsk and Kurgan oblasts, the paper analyzes the nuclear risks and their impacts on the level of the socio-psychological stress observed in the nuclear polluted areas of the Southern Ural. We show to what degree people’s radiophobia negatively impact on their social, labor and cultural activity as well as their family and everyday life and reproduction. Most people living in the nuclear polluted areas have a special psychological status which can be characterized by rather high socio-psychological tonicity, long-lasting stress, dominated accentuated personality traits, and pathologic psychological reactions and types of psychic activity

Pavlov B. S.

Keywords: Eastern Ural areas of nuclear pollution health information energy-output ratio family risks family

Conflict-generating factors of marriage behavior inYakutiya

The paper analyzes the data of the sociologic and demographic survey to show what attitudes towards marriage life can be observed among the people in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). We found that there are generations' differences in their attitudes towards the gist, forms and principles of marriage, as well as the reasons and motives of family conflicts and divorces. In respondents' opinions - regardless their marriage and family status - any marriage conflict happens due to a number of reasons connected with each other, and their impact acquires a character of a chain reaction - a primary reason induces a chain of disagreement eventually demonstrating the vulnerability of marriage relationship.

Barashkova A. S.

Sukneva S. A.

Keywords: family conflict-generating factors de facto marriage divorce focus group poll

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