Content №3 от 2021

An Integral Approach to Studying Interregional Differentiation in Russia Based on the Levels of Socio-Economic Development and Secondary Education

The article presents an analysis of studies by Russian and foreign scientists, which demonstrated the relevance of the problems of social inequality at the regional level. The purpose of this study is to develop an approach for dividing Russian regions into groups based on the level of socio-economic development and development of the educational system. Another goal is to scientifically substantiate the importance of the social elevator “Education " (in relation to school education), not only at the level of an individual gifted person but also at the regional level.
A desk study was carried out using an adapted model of multivariate ABC analysis. The integral parameter proposed by the authors is based on such factors as the results of the unified state exam, the region’s performance in the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren, and the project competition Big Challenges, as well as the presence of highly rated schools. As a result, three enlarged groups were identified among the regions of the Russian Federation, which make it possible to assess the possibilities and potential of the provided social elevator “Education " in certain regions for the development of gifted individuals. The article presents recommendations for improving the effective­ness of regional education policy for regions losing high-quality human capital. The results of the analysis can be used to form regional programs for the strategic development of the education system and social elevators for gifted individuals in the context of interregional inequality. In the future, it is possible to research the intercountry mobility of gifted individuals, as well as a quanti­tative analysis of migration flows associated with the choice of the next level of education and the volume of the “reverse of talents."

Angelova O. Yu.

Podolskaya T. O.

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